Course Information

Duration (hours)   
39
ECTs5
PracticeSimulation
Instructor(s)

Dr. Angelos Maravelis

 

 

 

Description

This one-semester course is sub-divided into three modules (sedimentology, basin analysis and petroleum geology). The main goals of this course are the in-depth understanding of the forces responsible for the formation of the sedimentary basins and their frontier exploration since they are important, not only regarding our understanding of the past but also in terms of economic and ecological aspects. The course focuses on a variety of themes, including: (i) sedimentology, to provide a comprehensive overview of the facies and facies associations, allowing the depositional processes, environments and sub-environments to be elucidated, (ii) palaeocurrent analysis to reveal the source locations, (iii) sequence stratigraphy to provide insights into sedimentary architecture, (v) classification of sedimentary basins and techniques to define their provenance and tectonic setting and, (vi) frontier exploration of sedimentary basins, with techniques applied to hydrocarbon exploration.

Syllabus

 

Module 1: Sedimentology

The objectives of this module are met by providing theoretical background on the controlling factors on the production, transport and deposition of siliciclastic sedimentary rocks and resultant sedimentary structures. Facies analysis and sequence stratigraphic techniques are employed for the reconstruction of past depositional environments. The module content includes: (a) The concept of facies and facies models and their practical applications, (2) Sedimentary structures and how these relate to transport processes and their applications in sedimentary geology and (3) The principles of stratigraphy.

Module Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module, students will become familiar with the:

1.   Classification systems for sedimentary rocks.

2.   Sedimentary structures and their importance in the interpretation of depositional environments.

3.   The concept of facies and facies associations and their relation to depositional environments.

4.   Facies models for continental (fluvial), marginal-marine (coastal, deltaic, estuarine) and marine (shelf and deep water) depositional environments.

5.   Provenance and transport processes of clastic sedimentary rocks.

Module 2: Basin Analysis

This module provides a practical, hands-on approach to basin analysis. An overview of basin analysis is presented through basin classification. Methods appropriate for basin analysis are provided in the form of outcrop analysis, core-logging skills, wireline log analysis and seismic interpretation, often using multiple methods on the same stratigraphic interval. These methods are integrated to develop a comprehensive approach to basin stratigraphy, with applications to hydrocarbon exploration.

Module Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module, students will be able to:

6.   Use the techniques of sequence stratigraphy

7.   Understand the role of climate, eustacy and tectonics in the development of facies and facies associations.

8.   Classify sedimentary basins

9.   Define the basin formation mechanisms

10. Interpret the structural style in sedimentary basins

Module 3: Petroleum Geology

The aim of this module is to introduce petroleum geoscience to geologists and to non-geologists who aim to work in the petroleum industry. This module will help towards the understanding of the origin and distribution, of petroleum and petroleum-bearing rocks. This module will deliver the fundamentals of petroleum geoscience and allow the students to put such information into practice.

Module Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module, students will be able to:

11. Interpret a seismic record

12. Interpret nuclear, electrical, velocity and density well logs

13. Apply the seismic stratigraphic technique to seismic reflection profiles

14. Explore for hydrocarbons

 

Required Textbooks:

 

Module 1: Sedimentology

 

  • D.A.V. Stow, 2005. Sedimentary Rocks in the Field: A Colour Guide. Manson Publishing, 320 pp.
  • H.G. Reading, 1996. Sedimentary Environments: Processes, Facies and Stratigraphy, 3rd Edition. Blackwell Scientific Publications, 688 pp.

Module 2: Basin Analysis

 

·     Philip A. Allen and John R. Allen, 2013. Basin Analysis: Principles and Application to Petroleum Play Assessment, 3rd Edition. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Cambridge, 451 pp.

·            Octavian Catuneanu, 2006. Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy, 1st Edition. Elsevier, Amstrdam, 387 pp

 

Module 3: Petroleum Geology

 

·            Richard C. Selley and Stephen A. Sonnenberg, 2015. Elements of Petroleum Geology, 3rd Edition. Elsevier Inc., 499 pp.

 

 

Lecture and exercise Materials:

 

·      Lecture and tutorial materials will be posted on Blackboard.

 

SCHEDULE

Lecture

Date

Topic

Learning Activity

Assessment Due

1

22 Nov

Introduction-Sedimentary rocks in the field part A

Lecture

N/A

2

23 Nov

Sedimentary rocks in the field part B

Lecture

Before lecture

3

24 Nov

Depositional Environments: Introduction- Deltas

Lecture

Before lecture

4

29 Nov

Depositional Environments: Fluvial systems

Lecture

Before lecture

5

30 Nov

Depositional Environments: Shallow seas-Submarine fans

Lecture

Before lecture

  6

1 Dec

Basins due to lithospheric stretching

Lecture

Before lecture

7

6 Dec

Basins due to flexure

Lecture

Before lecture

8

7 Dec

Basins associated with strike-slip deformation

Lecture

Before lecture

9

8 Dec

The petroleum system (source and reservoir rocks)

Lecture

Before lecture

10

9 Dec

The petroleum system (seal rocks and trap styles)

Lecture

Before lecture

 

Tutorial

Date

Topic

Learning Activity

Assessment Due

1

24 Nov

Accommodation and shoreline shifts-Stratigraphic surfaces

Tutorial

N/A

2

30 Nov

Systems tracts-Sequence models

Tutorial

N/A

3

1 Dec

Subsidence and thermal history

Tutorial

N/A

4

6 Dec

Introduction to seismic attributes

Tutorial

N/A

5

7 Dec

Interpretation of seismic data: Stratigraphic interpretation

Tutorial

N/A

  6

8 Dec

Interpretation of seismic data: Direct hydrocarbon indicators

Tutorial

N/A

7

9 Dec

In-class exercise on interpretation of seismic data

Tutorial

During Tutorial

 

ASSESSMENTS

This course has 3 types of assessment. Each assessment type is described in more detail in the sections below.

 

 

Assessment Name

Due Date

Involvement

Weighting

Learning Outcomes

1

In-class quizzes (x10)

Before lectures 2 to 10 and the day after lecture 10

Individual

50%-5% each quiz

1 to 10

2

In-class exercises (x1)

During tutorial 7

Individual

25%

6 to 14

3

Formal exams

Exam period

Individual

25%

1 to 10

 

 

Late Submissions

The mark for an assessment item submitted after the designated time on the due date, without an approved extension of time, will be reduced by 10% of the possible maximum mark for that assessment item for each day or part day that the assessment item is late. Note: this applies equally to week and weekend days.

 

Assessment 1 - In-class quizzes (x10)

Assessment Type

Quiz

Description

In class multiple choice quizzes will be held before lectures 2 to 10 and the day after lecture 10, to test the content covered during the preceding lecture.

Weighting

50%-5% each quiz

Due Date

Before each lecture

Submission Method

Attendance in class

Assessment Criteria

Correct answers

Return Method

In class

Feedback Provided

In Class - Ongoing

Opportunity to Reattempt

Students will not be given the opportunity to reattempt this assessment. The only exception to this is if an application for adverse circumstances is approved.

 

Assessment 2 – In class exercises (x1)

Assessment Type

In class exercise

Description

Students will be provided with hands-on tutorial exercise and will become familiar with industry related techniques.

Weighting

25%

Due Date

During tutorial 7

Submission Method

In class

Assessment Criteria

Students will be assessed on research methods used and quality of analysis as well as on their written and presentation skills.

Return Method

In class

Feedback Provided

Returned report, In class - Ongoing

Opportunity to Reattempt

Students will not be given the opportunity to reattempt this assessment. The only exception to this is if an application for adverse circumstances is approved.

 

Assessment 3 – Formal exams (x1)

Assessment Type

Formal exams

Description

Students will be asked to deal with multiple choice and short answer questions.

Weighting

25%

Due Date

Exam period

Submission Method

In class

Assessment Criteria

Correct answers and written and presentation skills.

Return Method

In class

Feedback Provided

Returned report

Opportunity to Reattempt

Students will not be given the opportunity to reattempt this assessment. The only exception to this is if an application for adverse circumstances is approved.

 

To top

Petroleum Engineering postgraduate program of the Technical University of Crete is a one-year, full-time program, designed to provide students with a scientific background in hydrocarbon exploration and skills in the practical aspects of petroleum engineering. The program begins in October, and leads to a Master of Science (MSc) degree. The program is run by the School of Mineral Resources Engineering.